Training using positive reinforcement can be life-changing. Instead of being frustrated with what you don’t want, you focus on the what you do. Instead of thinking about stopping bad behavior, you build scenarios that allow for the good. You set a goal of an entire behavior, but then you break it down into a series of small successes. I like to say: the slower you go, the faster you get there. This can be a paradigm change.
I first came across this perspective in this book: Don’t Shoot the Dog by Karen Pryor. Don’t be put off by the title, it’s not a dog training book, although it was adopted by dog lovers everywhere to bring rewards and kindness to their training. I don’t use 100% clicker training with horses, but I do use the behavioral science it is founded on, and I bring a reward-based perspective to all of the training that I do.
I’ve yet to read a positive reinforcement or clicker training book that is geared for horse people that I wholeheartedly recommend. Too often, the science is wrong, the understanding of horse nature is inaccurate, I disagree with the goals, or the lessons are inflexible and dogmatic. However, there are many books that are worth delving into.
- Don’t Shoot the Dog by Karen Pryor
- Reaching the Animal Mind by Karen Pryor
- Animal Wise: How We Know Animals Think and Feel by Virginia Morell
- Temple Grandin’s books are all thoughtful works; my favorite is Animals Make Us Human
- Consequences drive how living beings learn, and The Science of Consequences: How They Affect Genes, Change the Brain, and Impact Our World: , by Susan M. Schneider provides insight and a lot to think about.
- Lucy Rees is an ethologist who studies horses. Her most recent book, Horses in Company, is excellent. Filled with science and fascinating observations of horses in their most natural environment, Rees debunks the tropes of dominance and “moving their feet.”
- To delve deeply into horse umwelt, ethology and behavior, start with this textbook: Equine Behavior: A Guide for Veterinarians and Equine Scientists by Paul McGreevy.
Here are a few websites to follow:
- For more about Karen Pryor, go to her website.
- For horse ethology, go to Wild Equus
- Lauren Fraser is a behaviorist who specializes in horses. Read her blog at Goodhorsemanship.
- Justine Harrison is an IAABC certified animal behaviorist and writes about horse ethology in a way that is accurate and not polarizing.
- Eileen Anderson is a dog trainer, behaviorist, and someone who really gets the science behind the training. She’s also an excellent writer. Her blog is often applicable to my work with horses.
- I learn a lot from trainers who work with unusual species, from giraffes to alligators. This podcast from the Animal Training Academy is worth listening to, and it’s fun!
- TAGteach is an application of positive reinforcement training designed to be used with people. I apply TAGteach in my interactions with people. See the TAGteach website for an explanation of this offshoot of Karen Pryor’s work. For now, the best explanation in book form is Chaos to Calm, which was written by Martha Gabler, the parent of an autistic child, but is not limited to that experience. I’d like to see riding instructors use TAGteach – lessons would be calmer, nicer and more productive!